eng4u

ENG4U English Grade 12 , University Preparation ENG4U

ACADEMY OF ROYAL INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION ENG4U – ENGLISH GRADE 12 UNIVERSITY PREPARATION COURSE OUTLINE Course Title:       … Read more
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ACADEMY OF ROYAL INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION

ENG4U – ENGLISH GRADE 12 UNIVERSITY PREPARATION

COURSE OUTLINE

Course Title:                        English
Ministry Course Code:       ENG4U
Grade:                                    12
Course Type:                       University Preparation
Credit Value:                        1.0

Prerequisite:                        Prerequisite:                        English Grade 11, University Preparation, ENG3U

Department:                         English

Course Developer:             Academy of Royal International Education
Development Date:             2017
Course Revision Date:       n/a

Ontario Ministry of Education Curriculum Policy Document: English, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, 2007

COURSE DESCRIPTION:

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.

UNITS IN THE COURSE:

Grade 12 English is broken down into the following units:                                                                  

Unit Titles and Descriptions (in sequence delivered)

Time

Unit 1: Essays

29 hours

Unit 2: Poetry

25 hours

Unit 3: Short Stories

29 hours

Unit 4: Novel Study

25 hours

Unit 5: Media Studies

 

Final Assessment:   Final Examination

2 hours

Total

110 hours

RESOURCES REQUIRED BY STUDENTS:

This course is entirely online and does not require a textbook.

OVERALL CURRICULUM EXPECTATIONS:

Throughout the course, students will:

A.    ORAL COMMUNICATION

B.     

1.Listening to Understand: listen in order to understand and respond appropriately in a variety of situations for a variety of purposes;

2. Speaking to Communicate: use speaking skills and strategies appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes;

3. Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as listeners and speakers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful in oral communication situations.

READING AND LITERATURE STUDIES

1. Reading for Meaning: read and demonstrate an understanding of a variety of literary, informational, and graphic texts, using a range of strategies to construct meaning;

2. Understanding Form and Style: recognize a variety of text forms, text features, and stylistic elements and demonstrate understanding of how they help communicate meaning;

3. Reading With Fluency: use knowledge of words and cueing systems to read fluently;

4. Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as readers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful before, during, and after reading.

WRITING

1.Developing and Organizing Content: generate, gather, and organize ideas and information to write for an intended purpose and audience;

2. Using Knowledge of Form and Style: draft and revise their writing, using a variety of literary, informational, and graphic forms and stylistic elements appropriate for the purpose and audience;

3. Applying Knowledge of Conventions: use editing, proofreading, and publishing skills and strategies, and knowledge of language conventions, to correct errors, refine expression, and present their work effectively;

4. Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as writers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful at different stages in the writing process.

MEDIA STUDIES

1.Understanding Media Texts: demonstrate an understanding of a variety of media texts;

2. Understanding Media Forms, Conventions, and Techniques: identify some media forms and explain how the conventions and techniques associated with them are used to create meaning;

3. Creating Media Texts: create a variety of media texts for different purposes and audiences, using appropriate forms, conventions, and techniques;

4. Reflecting on Skills and Strategies: reflect on and identify their strengths as media interpreters and creators, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful in understanding and creating media texts.

 

TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES

The Academy of Royal International Education’s English courses help students to develop their language skills in order to form a strong basis for thinking, communicating, learning, and viewing the world. Students need language skills in order to comprehend ideas and information, to interact socially, to inquire into areas of interest and study, and to express themselves clearly and demonstrate their learning. Learning to communicate with clarity and precision will help students to thrive in the world beyond school.

Students use and develop important language skills as they read and think about topics,

themes, and issues in various subject areas. Language facility helps students to learn in all subject areas, and using language for a broad range of purposes increases both their ability to communicate with precision and their understanding of how language works. Students develop flexibility and proficiency in their understanding and use of language over time. As they move through the secondary school program, they are required to use language with ever-increasing accuracy and fluency in an expanding range of situations. They are also expected to assume responsibility for their own learning and to apply their language skills in more challenging and complex ways.

Instruction should help students acquire the knowledge, skills, and attributes they need in order to achieve the curriculum expectations and to become successful language learners. Successful language learners:

  • understand that language learning is a necessary, life-enhancing, reflective process;
  • communicate – that is, read, listen, view, speak, write, and represent – effectively

and with confidence;

  • make meaningful connections between themselves, what they encounter in texts,

and the world around them;

  • think critically;
  • understand that all texts advance a particular point of view that must be recognized,
  • questioned, assessed, and evaluated;
  • appreciate the cultural impact and aesthetic power of texts;
  • use language to interact and connect with individuals and communities, for personal growth, and for active participation as world citizens.

The achievement chart criteria of knowledge/understanding, thinking/inquiry, communication and application are applied throughout the course. Throughout the course different strategies are used to allow students to show their diverse abilities in thinking, understanding, application and communication.

Throughout, the following teaching and learning strategies will be used:

  • reading ·dialogue                  ·case studies         ·brainstorming
  • self-analysis   ·quiz             ·assignment                        ·written/oral presentation  
  • questioning ·debate     ·interviews                ·analysis      
  • independent study ·guided research ·essay                       ·independent research
  • use of charts, tables, graphs and other visuals

We develop instructional strategies to help students achieve curriculum expectations and we incorporate techniques applicable to the various learning styles, abilities and interest levels that exist among students that best motivate students toward achieving their goals. Learning should be seen as a process in which students monitor and reflect on the development of their knowledge, understandings, and skills.

It is important for students to complete all assignments for the course by the end of the course.

We use asynchronous processes/technologies, such as online class/group and one-on-one chats, bulletin boards/forums, group and personal emails, telephone, and skype. Audio and video elements are incorporated into many courses. Document sharing is included.

Students will have online progress and grade reports, and an ‘account’ accessible 24/7 where they will see their grade remarks and other information pertinent to them. Tests are taken online, within a specific time frame, projects and other documents can be sent via email. Each course has a major cumulative project with written and presentation requirements and a final 2-hour proctored exam.

Each student is required to consistently maintain a Learning Log as a personal record that evidences their learning and skills development and Work Portfolio of their assignments assessments.

STRATEGIES FOR ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION OF STUDENT PERFORMANCE:

The Ontario Ministry of Education determines the nature of assessment and evaluation of student learning for Ontario credit courses. Our School’s assessment and evaluation policy conforms to the following outlined by the Ontario Ministry of Education in its document, Growing Success: Assessment, Evaluation and Reporting in Ontario Schools, 2010.

The Seven Fundamental Principles of Assessment and Evaluation

To ensure that assessment, evaluation, and reporting are valid and reliable, and that they lead to the improvement of learning for all students, teachers use practices and procedures that:

  • are fair, transparent, and equitable for all students;
  • support all students, including those with special education needs, those who are learning the language of instruction (English or French), and those who are First Nation, Métis, or Inuit;
  • are carefully planned to relate to the curriculum expectations and learning goals and, as much as possible, to the interests, learning styles and preferences, needs, and experiences of all students;
  • are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the school year or course and at other appropriate points throughout the school year or course;
  • are ongoing, varied in nature, and administered over a period of time to provide multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning;
  • provide ongoing descriptive feedback that is clear, specific, meaningful, and timely to support improved learning and achievement;
  • develop students’ self-assessment skills to enable them to assess their own learning, set specific goals, and plan next steps for their learning.

From Growing Success:   http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/policyfunding/growSuccess.pdf

ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION

Assessment

All assessment and evaluation is based upon the Ministry of Education’s document Growing Success 2010 and Ontario Schools, K-12 2011. Assessment is based on a combination of class work, regular class tests and examinations. Examinations are written at the end of each course. The final evaluation for all courses comprises 30% of the total grade. The remaining 70% is for summative assessment and evaluations conducted throughout the course.

Assessment and evaluation is based on the provincial expectations and achievement levels outlined in provincial curriculum documents. A wide range of assessment and evaluation opportunities allows students to demonstrate their learning in a variety of ways. This information provides the basis for reporting student grades. Assessment and evaluation includes the following four categories:

  • knowledge and understanding
  • thinking
  • communication
  • application

Achievement Categories and Value:

Application

25%

Knowledge and Understanding

25%

Thinking/Inquiry

25%

Communication

25%

Teachers assess and evaluate student work with reference to established criteria for four levels of achievement that are standard across the province, rather than by comparison with work done by other students, or through the ranking of student performance, or with reference to performance standards developed by individual teachers for their own classrooms. There is no expectation that a certain number or percentage of students must be allocated to any one level of achievement.

Assessment is the process of gathering information from a variety of sources (including assignments, demonstrations, projects, performances, and tests) that accurately reflect how well a student is achieving the curriculum expectations in a subject or course. The primary purpose of assessment is to improve student learning. Assessment for the purpose of improving student learning is seen as both “assessment for learning” and “assessment as learning”. Information gathered through assessment helps teachers to determine students’ strengths and weaknesses in their achievement of the overall curriculum expectations in each course. This information also serves to guide teachers in adapting curriculum and instructional approaches to students’ needs and in assessing the overall effectiveness of programs and classroom practices.

As part of assessment for learning, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback that guides their efforts towards improvement. Descriptive feedback helps students learn by providing them with specific information about what they are doing well, what needs improvement, and what specific steps they can take to improve. Multiple opportunities for feedback and follow-up are provided during a student’s course to allow for improvement in learning prior to assessment of learning and evaluation.

Evaluation

Evaluation refers to the process of judging the quality of student work on the basis of established criteria, and assigning a value to represent that quality. In Ontario secondary schools, the value assigned will be in the form of a percentage grade. Although all curriculum expectations in a course are accounted for in instruction, student evaluations focus solely on a student’s achievement of the overall curriculum expectations in his or her course. Evidence of student achievement for evaluation is collected over the duration of a course and is based on observations, conversations, and student products. Evaluation is based on assessment of learning that provides evidence of student achievement at strategic times throughout each course, typically at the end of a module of study.

Student marks in The Academy of Royal International Education courses are based on his or her most consistent effort with special emphasis on his or her most recent work.
In determining a student’s final grade, teachers will consider:

  • All evidence collected through observations, conversations, and student products (tests, exams and assignments for evaluation);
  • The number of tests/exams or assignments that were not completed or submitted;
  • The evidence of achievement that is available for each overall expectation for a subject in a particular course;
  • The teacher will consider that some evidence carries greater weight than other evidence because some performance tasks are richer and reveal more about a student’s skills and knowledge than others;
  • A final grade is recorded for every course, and a credit is granted and recorded for every course in which the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for each course will be determined as follows:
    • Seventy percent of the grade will be based on evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade should reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration should be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
    • Thirty per cent of the grade will be based on a final evaluation in the form of a supervised final examination, performance, essay, and/or other method of evaluation suitable to the course content and administered towards the end of the course.

FINAL EXAMINATIONS:

Final examinations are normally conducted via the Internet, and under the supervision of an authorized exam proctor. Students may also come into the school location in Markham and write a supervised examination.

Students must complete and submit all course requirements (such as tests, assignments, discussion forums, learning logs, independent study units, etc.) to their teacher prior to booking their final exam. Once a student has completed all course requirements, his or her teacher will contact the Principal and provide approval for the student to write his or her final examination. The final examination must be written within 21 days of completion of course requirements.   Students must be supervised during the time they write their final examination. An exam supervisor is the person who will confirm students’ identity and supervise them while they write their final exam. All students are responsible for booking their own exam and selecting a location to write their exam from the list of Approved Examination Centres available from the Office.

Students must submit a request for examination supervision at least 5 business days prior to their desired examination date. International students should allow 5-8 business days for application processing. Please note that if a student does not write his or her exam on the scheduled date, an administration fee will apply to reschedule the examination. Final marks are released approximately 10 business days after the final examination is received from the exam supervisor.

DESCRIPTION OF ACHIEVEMENT

A Summary Description of Achievement in each Percentage Grade Range and Corresponding Level of Achievement

Percentage Grade Range

Achievement Level 

Summary Description 

80-100% 

Level 4 

A very high to outstanding level of achievement. Above provincial standards. 

70-79% 

Level 3 

A high level of achievement. At provincial standards. 

60-69% 

Level 2 

A moderate level of achievement. Below but approaching provincial standards. 

50-59% 

Level 1 

Passable level of achievement. Below provincial standards. 

Below 50% 

Level R 

Insufficient achievement of curriculum expectations. No credit granted.

THE REPORT CARD:

At the midterm point and final point in the course, students will receive report cards which communicate the student’s achievement. The teacher will indicate the percentage mark the student has attained as well as issue comments regarding areas of strength and areas requiring improvement.   Also, learning skills are reported as a letter grade representing one of the four levels of accomplishment. The report cards will be sent to the student’s home address and, if the student is a part time student, a copy will be sent to the student’s home school.

ACADEMIC INTEGRITY:

Students are expected to maintain high standards of honesty and academic integrity which means avoiding any instance of fraud, plagiarism and cheating.  To ensure academic integrity:

  • Students provide photo identification;
  • Course assignments include audio and video components;
  • Teachers Skype regularly with their students;
  • Students are encouraged and supported to develop original work;
  • Exams are proctored by adults in professional, trusted positions.

When a teacher has reasonable grounds to believe that a student has violated these standards, the school principal will review the incident and, if needed, enforce disciplinary procedures.

LATE AND MISSED ASSIGNMENTS:

The Academy of Royal International Education provides a flexible, self-paced learning opportunity, which allows students to proceed through each course at their own speed.  Students may submit any assignment from any unit while he or she is enrolled in this course.  Assignments will not be accepted once the student’s enrolment period has ended. Students must complete and submit all course requirements prior to booking their final exam. Course requirements include but are not limited to: assignments, tests, and learning log.

PROGRAM PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS:

The following Program Planning considerations, in alignment with the Ontario Ministry of Education will be available:

PLANNING PROGRAMS FOR STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS 

Students whose Individual Education Plan (IEP) indicates that accommodations and/or modifications are required will be given such considerations. Classroom teachers are the key educators of students with special education needs. They have a responsibility to help all students learn, and they work collaboratively with special education teachers, where appropriate, to achieve this goal. Learning for All: A Guide to Effective Assessment and Instruction for All Students, Kindergarten to Grade 12 (Draft 2011) describes a set of beliefs, based in research, that should guide program planning for students with special education needs in all disciplines. Teachers pay particular attention to these beliefs, which are as follows: 

  • All students can succeed. 
  • Each student has his or her own unique patterns of learning. 
  • Successful instructional practices are founded on evidence-based research, tempered by experience. 
  • Universal designed and differentiated instruction are effective and interconnected means of meeting the learning or productivity needs of any group of students. 
  • Classroom teachers are the key educators for a student’s literacy and numeracy development. 
  • Classroom teachers need the support of the larger community to create a learning environment that supports students with special education needs. 
  • Fairness is not sameness. 

PROGRAM CONSIDERATIONS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS 

 

All teachers share in the responsibility for developing and supporting the English language needs of students. The Academy of Royal International Education is committed to cultural and linguistic diversity in the ways it enhances learning.

ANTIDESCRIMINATION EDUCATION IN THE ENGLISH PROGRAM

 

Learning resources that reflect the broad range of students’ interests, backgrounds, cultures, and experiences are an important aspect of an inclusive English program. In such a program, learning materials involve protagonists of both sexes from a wide variety of backgrounds. Teachers routinely use materials that reflect the diversity of Canadian and world cultures, including those of contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples, and make them available to students. Short stories, novels, magazine and newspaper articles, television programs, and films provide opportunities for students to explore issues relating to their self-identity. In inclusive programs, students are made aware of the historical, cultural, and political contexts for both the traditional and non-traditional gender and social roles represented in the materials they are studying.

Stories, novels, informational texts, and media works relating to the immigrant experience provide rich thematic material for study, as well as the opportunity for students new to Canada to share their knowledge and experiences with others. In addition, in the context of the English program, both students and teachers should become aware of aspects of intercultural communication – for example, by exploring how different cultures interpret the use of eye contact and body language in conversation and during presentations.

LITERACY, MATHEMATICAL LITERACY, AND INQUIRY/RESEARCH SKILLS

Literacy, mathematical literacy, and inquiry/research skills are critical to students’ success in all subjects of the curriculum and in all areas of their lives. The acquisition and development of literacy skills is clearly the focus of the English curriculum, but the English program also builds on, reinforces, and enhances mathematical literacy. For example, clear, concise communication often involves the use of diagrams, charts, tables, and graphs, and the English curriculum emphasizes students’ ability to interpret and use graphic texts. Inquiry is at the heart of learning in all subject areas. In English courses, students are encouraged to develop their ability to ask questions and to explore a variety of possible answers to those questions. As they advance through the grades, they acquire the skills to locate relevant information from a variety of sources, such as books, newspapers, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, interviews, videos, and the Internet. The questioning they practiced in the early grades becomes more sophisticated as they learn that all sources of information have a particular point of view and that the recipient of the information has a responsibility to evaluate it, determine its validity and relevance, and use it in appropriate ways. The ability to locate, question, and validate information allows a student to become an independent, lifelong learner.

THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL LIBRARY

Courses at The Academy of Royal International Education help students to develop literacy in using non-print forms, such as the Internet, CDs, DVDs, and videos, in order to access information, databases, demonstrations, and a variety of performances; articulate questions for inquiries; create and produce single-medium or multimedia presentations. Access to diverse information can build students’ knowledge to develop lifelong learners in our information and knowledge-based society. Our resources in our courses encourage students to read widely, teaching them to examine and read many forms of text for understanding and enjoyment, and helping them improve their research skills and effectively use information gathered through research.

THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY

Information and communications technology (ICT) provides a range of tools that can significantly extend and enrich teachers’ instructional strategies and support student learning. ICT tools include multimedia resources, databases, websites, digital cameras, and word-processing programs. The Academy of Royal International Education supports enhanced student learning through a diverse range of information and communications technology.

THE ONTARIO SKILLS PASSPORT: MAKING LEARNING RELEVANT AND BUILDING SKILLS 

The Ontario Skills Passport (OSP) identifies the following Essential Skills:

 

ESSENTIAL SKILLS

Reading Text

The comprehension of text consisting of sentences and paragraphs. 

Writing

The preparation of written materials for a variety of purposes. 

Document Use

The use of labels, lists, signs, graphs, charts, tables, forms, and other similar materials 

Computer Use

The use of any type of computerized technology.

 

Oral Communication

The use of speech for a variety of purposes. 

NUMERACY

Money Math

The use of mathematical skills in making financial transactions, such as handling cash, preparing bills, and making payments. 

Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting

Planning for the best use of time and money, as well as monitoring the use of time and money.

Measurement and Calculation

The measurement and calculation of quantities, areas, volumes, and/or distances. 

Data Analysis

The collection and analysis of data in numerical form.

Numerical Estimation

The production of estimates in numerical terms. 

THINKING SKILLS

Job Task Planning

The planning and organization of one's own work.

Decision Making

The making of any type of decision, using appropriate information. 

Problem Solving

The identification and solving of problems.

Finding Information

The use of a variety of sources, including written text, people, computerized databases, and information systems. (See also Reading Text, Document Use, Computer Use, and Oral Communication above).

Critical Thinking

 

Making judgments by using criteria to evaluate ideas and information and the related consequences.

For further information on the Ontario Skills Passport, including the Essential Skills and work habits, visit http://skills.edu.gov.on.ca. 

 

EDUCATION AND CAREER/LIFE PLANNING

The goals of the Kindergarten to Grade 12 education and career/life planning program are to: 

  • ensure that all students develop the knowledge and skills they need to make informed education and career/life choices; 
  • provide classroom and school-wide opportunities for this learning;
  • engage parents and the broader community in the development, implementation, and evaluation of the program, to support students in their learning. 

The framework of the program is a four-step inquiry process based on four questions linked to four areas of learning:

  • knowing yourself – Who am I?;
  • exploring opportunities – What are my opportunities?;
  • making decisions and setting goals – Who do I want to become?;
  • achieving goals and making transitions – What is my plan for achieving my goals? 

COOPERATIVE EDUCATION AND OTHER FORMS OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING 

Planned learning experiences in the community, including job shadowing and job twinning, field trips, work experience, and cooperative education, provide students with opportunities to see the relevance of their classroom learning in a work setting, make connections between school and work, and explore a career of interest as they plan their pathway through secondary school and on to their postsecondary destination. While The Academy of Royal International Education does not provide cooperative learning experiences, courses often encourage experiential learning. -Cooperative Education and Other Forms of Experiential Learning: Policies and Procedures for Ontario Secondary Schools, 2000.

HEALTH AND SAFETY

As part of every course, students must be made aware that health and safety are everyone’s responsibility – at home, at school, and in the workplace. Teachers must model safe practices at all times and communicate safety requirements to students in accordance with school board and Ministry of Education policies and Ministry of Labour regulations.

ETHICS

Courses at The Academy of Royal International Education provide numerous opportunities for students to learn about ethical issues and to explore the role of ethics in both public and personal decision making. Ethical discussion and judgements are made in consideration of data, evidence and in alignment with the inquiry process.

Ethical consideration extends to academic integrity, such as plagiarism. Using accepted forms of documentation to acknowledge sources is a specific expectation within the inquiry and skill development strand for each course.

Specifications

Grade 12
English